What Biden and Trump need to do to win the US election

What Biden and Trump need to do to win the US election
By: USA Posted On: November 04, 2020 View: 25

What Biden and Trump need to do to win the US election

The race for the White House is proving to be very close, so how could each candidate make it over the line?

A candidate needs 270 electoral college votes to win the presidential election.

Each state has a different number of electoral college votes depending on the size of its electorate.

US election 2020 live: Follow the latest updates

All states except for Nebraska and Maine operate a winner-takes-all system, with the candidate who wins the most votes from the people in a state claiming all of that state's electoral votes.

Here's how the candidates, looking at Joe Biden first and then Donald Trump, could win the all important 270 votes - and what would happen if there is a tie.

Joe Biden's path to 270 electoral college votes

The Democrat could be victorious by two votes if he wins Arizona, Michigan, Wisconsin and a single vote from Nebraska - even if he does not win the battleground state of Pennsylvania.

Traditionally a Republican state, Arizona looks like it could flip for just the second time since 1952.

PITTSBURGH, PA - NOVEMBER 02: Lady Gaga performs in support of Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden during a drive-in campaign rally at Heinz Field on November 02, 2020 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. One day before the election, Biden is campaigning in Pennsylvania, a key battleground state that President Donald Trump won narrowly in 2016. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)
Image: Pennsylvania, where Lady Gaga performed in support of Joe Biden, could be the deciding state

Mr Trump won the battlegrounds of Florida, Ohio and Texas early on - dashing Mr Biden's hopes for a decisive early victory.

But Mr Biden said he was confident he was on track to take the three key Rust Belt states of Michigan, Wisconsin and Pennsylvania.

Pennsylvania, known as the Keystone State, has 20 electoral votes - the sixth equal highest with Illinois - so will be a big boost for whoever wins it.

If he did win those three states Mr Biden would be up to 259 votes, so would have to win Arizona - a state he is confident of claiming - to clinch exactly 270.

Donald Trump's path to 270 electoral college votes

The president could get to 271 votes if he wins the three swing states of Pennsylvania, North Carolina and Georgia.

However, the result from Fulton County, Georgia, may not come out until the afternoon as the count was delayed by a burst water pipe (no ballots were damaged).

How could they tie?

If Mr Biden loses Nebraska but wins Arizona, Michigan and Wisconsin - and Mr Trump wins Pennsylvania - the pair could both have 269 votes.

A tie would also happen if Mr Biden wins everything that Hillary Clinton won in 2016, plus Michigan and Pennsylvania, and one of Nebraska's five electoral votes.

In that case, the newly elected House of Representatives would choose the president and the Senate would choose the vice president.

Each state would get one vote in the House, with a simply majority - 26 votes or more - needed to win.

The last time a tie happened was in 1800, between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr.

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